Physiotherapy provides services to develop maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This includes providing services in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by ageing, injury, diseases, disorders, conditions or environmental factors. Functional movement is central to what it means to be healthy. Physiotherapy is concerned with identifying and maximizing quality of life and movement potential within the spheres of promotion, prevention, treatment/intervention, habilitation and rehabilitation. This encompasses physical, psychological, emotional and social wellbeing. Physical therapy involves the interaction between the physical therapist, patients/clients, other health professionals, families, care givers and communities in a process where movement potential is assessed and goals are agreed upon, using knowledge and skills unique to physical therapists.
Physiotherapists can help patient in following process
Undertake a comprehensive examination/assessment of the patient/client or needs of a client group
Evaluate the findings from the examination/assessment to make clinical judgments regarding patients/clients
Formulate a diagnosis, prognosis and plan
Provide consultation within their expertise and determine when patients/clients need to be referred to another healthcare professional
Implement a physical therapist intervention/treatment programme
Determine the outcomes of any interventions/treatments
Make recommendations for self management
Joint Pain- Arthritis, bursitis, lupus, degenerative joints, poorly aligned joints, joint instability.
Muscle Pain- Torn muscles, pulled/strained muscles, tight muscles, fibromyalgia, muscle spasms, muscle cramps, calf strain, pulled hamstring, groin strain, strained gluteals, abdominal strain.
Soft Tissue Injuries- Tendinitis, tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis), golfers elbow (medial epicondylitis), patellar tendinitis, Achilles tendinitis, whiplash, back strain, neck strain, rotator cuff injuries, iliotibial band syndrome (ITB).
Joint Injuries- Joint sprains, dislocated joints, sprained ankle, sprained knee, sprained wrist, sprained elbow, degenerated meniscus, torn cartilage, unstable joints, joint hypermobility.
Overuse Injuries- Carpal tunnel, repetitive stress syndrome, shin splints, Iliotibial Band Syndrome, tension headaches.
Swelling and Edema- Lymphedema, swollen joints, edema, lymphatic congestion, chronic joint or muscle inflammation.
Postural Problems- Poor posture, round shoulders, scapular instability, muscle weakness, muscle imbalance, poor muscle tone, hypotonia.
Recovery from Surgery- Athletic injury surgery, reconstructive surgery, joint replacement surgery, meniscus repair, ligament surgery, tendon surgery, lymph node removal.
Bruising- Bruising following injuries or surgery, contusions.
Foot Pain- Plantar fasciitis, fallen arches.